A smart city’s goal is to enrich the lives of its residents and the environment. The city needs to manage the resources in an urbanscape that’s both sustainable and inexpensive.
Smart cities start with smart buildings, which use automated processes to automatically control the building’s operations, which include heating, ventilation, air conditioning, lighting, and security. A smart building uses sensors, actuators, and microchips to collect data and manage it by concurring to a business’ functions and amenities. This arrangement supports owners, operators, and facility managers to develop asset reliability and performance by reducing energy use, optimizing space usage, and minimizing the environmental effect.
Smart office buildings, health care facilities, hospitals, educational facilities, stadiums along other kinds of smart buildings exist around the world. Making a building smart starts by connecting basic systems such as lighting, power, water, pumps, heating, fire alarms, and chiller plants with sensors and control systems. Even elevators, access systems, and window shading can be included in the system.
As IoT technology becomes more utilized in everyday objects that we use, and these products communicate with one another, a more complete set of big data can be reviewed. Several possible uses for big data include city water systems that can be monitored and measured by sensors to determine if there are leaks or blockages that will influence water pressure and flow. Professionals can detect water contamination so that they can correct the situation. Data scientists can also figure out how to improve the economy, crime and healthcare by understanding patterns from the data gathered by IoT.